Learning Applications

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AS Description: Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience. The Behavioristic perspective is about behavior that can be explained in terms of conditioning to alter behavior patterns.  AS Instructions: Read the Classical Conditioning examples and the Operant Conditioning scenarios below. Copy and paste each example/scenario and then create your response and upload in a word document.  Part A. Read through the Classical Conditioning examples below and then identify the US, CS, UR, and CR in each.  1. Pamela went shopping with her baby in a mall when she bumped into her friend Carol. Carol was wearing a shiny, jingling bracelet, much like the one Pamela wore. When Carol reached down to kiss Pamela’s baby on the forehead, her bracelet jingled, and the baby started making suckling noises.  2. Scott’s dog, Tony, waits every afternoon in the front room for Scott to come home. Tony knows that when he hears the sound of the garage door opening, Scott will come in and take Tony out for a walk. One evening, on his way out to the store, Scott hits the garage door opener, and the dog starts running around excitedly.  3. Elmer really likes to cook with onions and he puts onions into almost everything he makes. He usually starts dinner every day around 5:00 p.m. As he is cutting the onions, the grandfather clock chimes five times because it is 5:00 p.m. Elmer is crying because cutting the onions makes his eyes water. One evening he is at a friend’s house because they are going out to dinner later. He and his friend are watching TV and the clock chimes five times when it is 5:00 p.m. Elmer’s eyes start to water.  Part B. For each of the Operant Conditioning scenarios below, determine which schedule is being used, such as positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment, or negative punishment. Explain why you chose your answer.  1. Jim comes home after curfew, and his parents take his car keys away for a week.  Schedule:  Explain:  2. Mrs. Smith’s students in her kindergarten class receive a gold star every time they say “Please” when asking for something.  Schedule:  Explain:  3. Libby gets $20 for every A she brings home on her report card.  Schedule:  Explain:  4. Bethany keeps her room nice and tidy so that when she needs something, she is able to find it easily.  Schedule:  Explain:  5. Jeremy’s ball rolls out into the street and he runs after it. He almost gets hit by a car but is saved by the driver, who, seeing him run after the ball, brakes just in time. Jeremy’s action upsets his mother, who spanks him for running out recklessly into the street.  Schedule:  Explain:  6. Terri and her boyfriend are caught kissing on the front porch after she was told she wasn’t allowed to kiss boys yet. Her father tells her she isn’t allowed to see her boyfriend anymore.  Schedule:  Explain:

 
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