I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Behavioral Aspects of Human Movement. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. James Maddux has placed the concept of self-efficacy among one of the most powerful, yet one of the simplest, truths, which lie in the understanding that “believing that you can accomplish what you want to accomplish is one of the most important ingredients in the recipe for success” (Maddux, 2000). In short, the idea of self-efficacy can be explained as one’s beliefs in his capabilities of completing a particular task. As a result, self-efficacy plays a key role in the processes of motivation, efficient performance, achieving goals, etc. Self-efficacy influences a person’s thoughts, actions, attitudes to various realms of life. It is observed that those who have a high level of self-efficacy are more goal-oriented and self-rigorous, more likely “to work harder and persist longer when they encounter difficulties than those who doubt their capabilities” (Schunk, 1991).
Albert Bandura, the founder of social cognitive theory and one of the first who studied the concept of self-efficacy, noted that “successes raise efficacy and failure lowers it, but once a strong sense of efficacy is developed, a failure may not have much impact” (Bandura, 1986. cited in Schunk, 1991). It means that people who have high personal efficacy are less subjected to self-doubts and stresses. Usually, their self-believing is not strongly affected by some misfortunes. Even more, while drawing a lesson from their failures or overcoming the latter, such people strengthen their self-efficacy by avoiding similar mistakes in the future or giving more effort to the tasks which were their weak points.
The theory of self-efficacy is relatively new in the world of science and it was of no interest before 1977. Nevertheless, after Banduras’ publication in 1977, hundreds of researches regarding self-efficacy applied to social cognitive theory in general (J. E. Maddux, 2000.
Albert Bandura defined perceived self-efficacy as “people’s beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance that exercise influence over events that affect their lives” (Bandura, 1994).
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