CRITICAL THINKING TOOLS

Rhetorical Communication: A Theory Of Civil Discourse
November 12, 2020
ACBS 160D: Human and Animal Interrelationships
November 12, 2020

CRITICAL THINKING TOOLS

.CRITICAL THINKING TOOLSATO – Analytical Topic OutlineAn ATO is a complete and personalized summary of a reading assignmentList the following information in order. Skip lines for easy reading and review· Title, Author(s), Chapter (if applicable): top of page· Thesis Statement: In a complete sentence, paraphrase the author’s main idea. (Paraphrase – restate the idea by using your own words)· Paragraph Summary: Write brief phrases or single words to describe each paragraph. Use roman numerals to number each paragraph.· Modified Thesis: write an expanded thesis which may include something you readCBEQ – Claim/Backing/Evidence/QualificationWhen thinking critically about a text, readers should ask 4 questions. 1) What is the author claiming to be true? 2) Is the backing (support) for the claim adequate? 3) Is there valid evidence for the conclusion? 4) Did the writer include any qualifications (modifications, limits, or restrictions)?· Claim: statement of main idea/possibly your modified thesis· Backing: general statements that support claim – paraphrased excerpts from the reading· Evidence: specific statements that support claim – quoted excerpts from the reading· Qualification: specific statements that seem to contradict the claim (main idea)Sample ATO and CBEQATO“A Black Perspective” by Larry AubryThesis: Freedom and justice are the bedrock of America.I. Bush justifies his actionsII. The reality of African-American freedomIII. Freedom and libertyIV. StrugglesV. Freedom is a collective struggle for Black AmericaVI. 18th Century freedom, slavery and racismVII. Leaders who fight for freedomVIII. Contradiction of freedomIX. Battle between liberty and slaveryX. Freedom means escaping injusticeModified Thesis: For African-Americans, freedom and liberty were achieved many years after slavery was abolished.Aubrey – CBEQC – Freedom and justice are achieved through struggles and debates based on American history.B – Freedom and liberty are what Americans have constantly fought to achieve.E – “The term liberty is deeply embedded in the documentary record of history and the language of everyday life.”Q – There are no contradictions against Aubry’s claim.

 
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